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  • The Conditions of the Artists E440 - Thorvaldsensmuseum
    Conditions of the Artists 1786 After Nicolai Abildgaard Engraving 174 x 230 mm Inventory number E440 Enlarge photo Download The artist is sitting with his hands to his ears behind the large painting In the left of the picture we see the protector of art the Roman goddess Minerva wearing a helmet She is watching thoughtfully and silently while a number of art critics are pointing their fingers and pouring scorn on the painting This is a satirical engraving that J F Clemens has made after a preparatory work by Nicolai Abildgaard 1743 1809 One of the critics has been given the head of an ass And in the background stand a number of figures with sheep s heads this seems to be Nicolai Abildgaard s way of characterising the public Clemens must be imagined to have shared Abildgaard s view Abildgaard was a learned man He was a professor in the Royal Academy of Fine Art in Copenhagen in addition to which he owned a collection of books big enough to be considered a library The French text to the print Le sort des artistes the conditions of the artists leaves one in no doubt that the lack of

    Original URL path: http://www.thorvaldsensmuseum.dk/en/collections/work/E440 (2015-09-25)
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  • Allegory of History E475 - Thorvaldsensmuseum
    Works relating to this work Anton Raphael Mengs Allegory of History c 1776 fresco ceiling of Camera dei Papiri The Vatican Enlarge photo Download Four figures are placed in such a way as to form a cross the cruciform layout suggesting the room s Christian association Clio the muse of history is sitting at the centre She is writing in a book supported on the back of Saturn the symbol of time A genius is bringing scrolls to Clio and the two faced Roman god Janus is telling her what to write One of Janus s faces is looking back and the other forward in time With his right hand Janus is directing attention to the open door leading into the then recently founded museum the Museo Pio Clementino in the Vatican Fame hovers above them all She is the goddess of rumour and is blowing her horn to spread news of the papal court Each of the individual figures contributes to a visual allegorical presentation of history In 1772 Pope Clement the Fourteenth 1705 74 gave the German artist Anton Raphael Mengs 1728 79 the task of decorating the ceiling in the Camera dei Papiri in the Vatican This

    Original URL path: http://www.thorvaldsensmuseum.dk/en/collections/work/E475 (2015-09-25)
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  • School of Athens E477 - Thorvaldsensmuseum
    Athens 1508 11 fresco Room of the Segnatura The Vatican Enlarge photo Download The School of Athens represents rational truth Here we see mathematicians physicians metaphysicians and others arranged in a series of smaller groups each discussing or teaching In the left foreground the philosopher Pythagoras 570 490 BC is seated as he explains to those around him the meaning of the word diatessaron which directly translated means at intervals of four and so relates to the pure fourth in the world of music A head of Pythagoras can be seen in the museum inv no E1965 The group on the right represents the mathematician Euclid c 300 BC engaged in teaching his pupils geometry A head of Euclid can be seen in inv no E1964 Likewise logicians rhetoricians and grammarians are grouped together in Raphael s 1483 1520 The School of Athens which in Thorvaldsen s collections is found for instance in this copperplate engraving by Domenico Cunego A renewed interest in the art and culture of antiquity was a characteristic of the time in which Raphael was working Not until 1855 did the French art historian Jules Michelet 1798 1874 introduce the concept of renaissance in order to

    Original URL path: http://www.thorvaldsensmuseum.dk/en/collections/work/E477 (2015-09-25)
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  • Sposalizio (The Betrothal of the Virgin) E530 - Thorvaldsensmuseum
    on wood The Brera Pinacotek Milan Formerly executed to Chiesa di San Francesco Città di Castello Itlay where it has been replaced by a copy Enlarge photo Download Raphael s 1483 1520 Sposalizio or The Betrothal of the Virgin from 1504 reproduced here in Pietro Folo s print was commissioned for the Franciscan church of San Francesco in Città di Castello in Perugia All the figures and lines in the picture are arranged in such a way that attention is inevitably directed towards the hand of the Virgin and St Joseph the central point of the ceremonial act of betrothal This is still clearer in the painting than in this engraving because the upper edge in the painting is semi circular not straight as it is here As the painting hung in the church it was in a relatively high position The lower edge of the painting was some 180 cm above floor level a position that was of great significance for the experience of it In the print the woman on the left stands skewed but this enabled Raphael to achieve the optimal spatial effect when the painting was viewed from below During the first decades of the 19th

    Original URL path: http://www.thorvaldsensmuseum.dk/en/collections/work/E530 (2015-09-25)
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  • Venus and Adonis E534 - Thorvaldsensmuseum
    Adonis after 1794 After Domenico del Frate s drawing after Antonio Canova s sculpture Engraving 485 x 347 mm Inventory number E534 Works relating to this work Antonio Canova Venus and Adonis 1789 1794 marble Villa La Grange deposited at Les Musées d Art et d Historie Geneva Schwitzerland Enlarge photo Download Travel literature from the early 19th century reflects how visits to Antonio Canova s 1758 1822 and Thorvaldsen s studios were simply a sine qua non for young men out on their grand tours which among other places took them to Rome The two studios are mentioned in the same breath as the monuments from antiquity and the famous palaces Canova s Venus and Adonis reproduced here in a print by Pietro Fontana was finished in 1794 And Canova was heaped with infinite praise for it In Ovid s Metamorphoses it is told how Venus was filled with a helpless love for Adonis after she had been struck by one of Cupid s arrows Adonis was a hunter hence the spear held by him and the hound whose leg can just be distinguished behind the two figures One day when the impatient Adonis was to go hunting Venus

    Original URL path: http://www.thorvaldsensmuseum.dk/en/collections/work/E534 (2015-09-25)
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  • Vedyta dekka Piazza del Popolo verso Mezzogiorno (View of Piazza del Popolo before Noon) E575 - Thorvaldsensmuseum
    of Piazza del Popolo before Noon 1815 1820 Etching 302 x 394 mm Inventory number E575 Enlarge photo Download Everyone travelling to Rome from the north would arrive in the city through the Porta del Popolo After passing through any police check they would find themselves in the Piazza del Popolo There is an Egyptian obelisk in the centre of this square erected at the end of the 16th century And the view beyond it opens up to a vista of the city This is seen between Carlo Rainaldi s 1611 91 two churches from 1662 with identical cupolas and porticoes In building these churches Rainaldi created a kind of gateway to the three streets which since Antiquity have spread like a fan from the Piazza del Popolo the Via del Babuino Via del Corso and Via di Ripetta Thorvaldsen also customarily left and entered Rome through the Piazza del Popolo For instance the Polizia di Roma notes that he went through the Porta del Popolo on 6 11 1832 at midnight He was then returning to Rome after spending a few months in northern Italy The etcher Filippo Giuntotardi worked using graphic techniques from 1810 And this etching could

    Original URL path: http://www.thorvaldsensmuseum.dk/en/collections/work/E575 (2015-09-25)
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  • Veduta del luogo sepolcrale per gli'Acattolici (View of the Cementry of the Non-Catholics) E591,12 - Thorvaldsensmuseum
    Born 1760 Died 1820 Nationality tysk Read about the artist in The Archives Veduta del luogo sepolcrale per gli Acattolici View of the Cementry of the Non Catholics 1809 1811 Engraving and etching 293 x 357 mm Inventory number E591 12 Enlarge photo Download The Protestant Cemetery in Rome was the final resting place for especially Germans British Russians and Scandinavians In Thorvaldsen s day there were by orders of the Pope no crosses in this cemetery And some of the columns on the graves were also sometimes despoiled by visitors to the numerous mean inns nearby On the far left of this print there is a gravestone on which the name of the German born painter Asmus Jacob Carstens 1754 1798 can be seen Carstens was a great inspiration to Thorvaldsen and one of the first with whom he established a friendship on arriving in Rome in 1797 Part way inside the cemetery at the Porta San Paolo stands the Cestius Pyramid built for the suffect consul Gajus Cestius who died in 12 BC The pyramid was inspired by Egyptian monuments after the Emperor Augustus 63 14 BC had won the Battle of Actium in 31 BC thus beating

    Original URL path: http://www.thorvaldsensmuseum.dk/en/collections/work/E591,12 (2015-09-25)
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  • Sleeping Roman Peasant with Horse and Donkies E753 - Thorvaldsensmuseum
    153 x 235 mm Inventory number E753 Enlarge photo Download Search the work in The Archives As I hear Sir that you are to remain in Copenhagen for some time yet I take the liberty of once more sending some of my new etchings for your collection So wrote Johann Adam Klein in his letter to Thorvaldsen dated 20 September 1839 A letter in which this very etching is among those to which he refers Klein apparently set his package to Thorvaldsen without being asked And Klein s excuse was that he was at this time sending some of his etchings to the bookseller Reitzel in Copenhagen It would cost him neither more nor less to send the package even if he included something for Thorvaldsen Twenty years before this Klein had gone from his native Nuremberg to Rome That was in August 1819 and he remained in Rome for 2½ years In other words Klein was in Rome when Thorvaldsen returned after his visit to Copenhagen 1819 20 During the many journeys he undertook as a young man Klein always made copious drawings He was in particular interested in rural scenes including domestic animals And when he subsequently turned

    Original URL path: http://www.thorvaldsensmuseum.dk/en/collections/work/E753 (2015-09-25)
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